Everest Region

Everest Region

Everest Region, the renowned world heritage site and the connotations of great challenge and achievements has been one of the most popular trekking destinations for trekkers and mountaineers from around the world. Home to the famous Sherpa people and a settlement of Tibetan Buddhism with a number of fascinating monasteries and gompas, the area features some of the world’s most incredible mountain sceneries on earth including 4 of the world’s 10 highest peaks over 8000meters- Mt. Everest (8848m), Makalu (8463m), Lhotse (8516m) and Cho Oyu (8201m) with yet another most beautiful mountain Amadablam (6812m) and many more others hovering in the sky.

The Everest trek through the Sherpa homeland of Solu – Khumbu is relatively a demanding undertaking with a clear cut goal of seeing Mt. Everest, the highest peak of the world. There are various ways for trekking in this area. One can either walk all the way up and back or fly in one way and walk back or fly in and out depending on the availability of time and preferences. Generally trekkers opt out for fly in / fly out option due mostly to the limited time then tend to0 have for a longer trek. Yet for those having enough time and energy should definitely consider the classic walk in from Jiri (The original route taken on the first ascent of Everest) which takes the trekkers through the Sherpa’s traditional homeland and traverses through the narrow gorge of Dudh Koshi (Pharak) and ultimately reaches the highest mountain region of Khumbu within a litter over a week. The scenery, the settlements, topography and the elevation during the Jiri –EBC trek changes so drastically within a short span of time that the visitors remain completely puzzled. Though the going in the initial days can get tougher given the altitude variation, which however, after a day or two ceases completely as one keeps getting much fitter as he / she progresses towards his journey.

The traditional goal with trekking in the Everest region has normally been the desire at least to set one’s feet in the Everest Base camp, if not scaling the Everest. A large number of trekkers routinely venture to the region with this aim following the same crammed trail in the high season. Yet for those who wish to venture into something more different and still with the opportunity to walk up to the base camp, we have researched a number of fascinating itineraries that are more of a “Explore yourself” types providing the visitors with an opportunity for a complete nature and culture immersion of this charming Sherpa country.

Mt. Everest lies within the Sagarmatha National Park, a UNESCO world heritage site; with elevation ranging from 3000 m to 8000 m and above in altitude. We entered the park area within second days’s walk at Monjo where our permits are checked and entrance into the park allowed. The park encompasses the upper catchments of the Dudh Koshi River system, which is fan-shaped and forms a distinct geographical unit enclosed on all sides by high mountain ranges. The northern boundary is defined by the main divide of the Great Himalayan Range, which follows the international border with the Tibetan Autonomous Region of China. In the south, the boundary extends almost as far as Monjo.

In this area there are six altitudinal vegetation classed, from oak forests at the lowest elevations to lichens and mosses at the highest elevations. The Himalayan zone provides the barrier between the Palaearctic realm and the Indomalayan realm. Most of the park (69%) comprises barren land above 5,000 m, 28% is grazing land and about 3% is forested. Six of the 11 vegetation zones in the Nepal Himalaya are represented in the park: lower subalpine; upper subalpine; lower alpine; upper alpine; and subnival zone. Oak used to be the dominant species in the upper montane zone but former stands of this species.

The Park is home to a number of mammalian species including common langur, jackal, a small number of wolf, Himalayan black bear, red panda, yellow-throated marten, Himalayan weasel, masked palm civet, snow leopard, Himalayan musk deer, Indian muntjac, serow, Himalayan tahr and goral. Sambar has also been recorded. Smaller mammals include short-tailed mol, Tibetan water shrew, Himalayan water shrew; marmot, woolly hare, rat and house mouse as well as  152 species of bird, 36 of which are breeding species for which Nepal may hold internationally significant populations.

This is a dramatic area of high, geologically young mountains and glaciers. The deeply-incised valleys cut through sedimentary rocks and underlying granites to drain southwards into the Dudh Kosi and its tributaries, which form part of the Ganges River system. The upper catchments of these rivers are fed by glaciers at the head of four main valleys, Chhukhung, Khumbu, Gokyo and Nangpa La. Lakes occur in the upper reaches, notably in the Gokyo Valley, where a number are impounded by the lateral moraine of the Ngozumpa Glacier (at 20 km the longest glacier in the park). There are seven peaks over 7,000 m. The mountains have a granite core flanked by metamorphosed sediments and owe their dominating height to two consecutive phases of upthrust. The main uplift occurred during human history, some 500,000-800,000 years ago. Evidence indicates that the uplift is still continuing at a slower rate, but natural erosion processes counteract this to an unknown degree.

The region offers some of the most rewarding trekking experience anywhere in the world. The trekking trails to Everest Base Camp are well developed and there are several routes leading to more remote areas of semi-wilderness in the vast area. Besides the famous town, Namche Bazaar, there are villages of Thami, Khumjung, Pangboche, Pheriche and Kunde and Tengboche monastery to explore and venture into.

Treks in the Khumbu typically range from 17 to 25 days, depending on the route. October-November and March-May are the busiest trekking season of Khumbu. Besides good weather, this period offers the five-day Dumje festival (usually April) and the masked Mani Rimdu dances held at major monasteries in spring and fall.

Whatever route you wish to follow or what sorts of time frame you have at your disposal following are some of the highly exploratory Makalu Adventure Everest Region Trekking Itineraries for you to choose from. Let us know if you would like to customize any of these individual programming we have on offer and which suits your requirement the best.

All the Makalu Adventure Everest Region treks are but sample of what we have offered so far. However, if there are any elements in a given itinerary that does not suit your preference or time frame, do please let us know and we would be more than happy to customize them for you.

Bon Voyage!!!

  • Arun Valley with Gokyo Lakes

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  • Everest Base Camp Trek

    This is a short trek to the Base of Everest along with the opportunity to ascent Kala Patthar for views of surrounding peaks including the Mt. Everest (8848m), Nuptse (7855m), Lhotse (8516m), Mt. Pumori (7,161 m), and Mt...
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  • Everest- A Living Culture Exploration

    The Everest region of Nepal is not only famous for mountains but is equally renowned for its ancient Sherpa culture.  Any trip to this region without the opportunity for a culture experience / exploration would be r...
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  • Everest Explore

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  • Everest Base Camp (via Thame) Trek

    Everest Base Camp trekking begins with an "eye opening" flight to Lukla at 2800 meters and passes through the picturesque Sherpa village of Namche Bazaar to Gorakshep culminating in the "ascent" of Kala Pattar (5545 ...
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  • Everest Base Camp with Kala Patthar

    After the dramatic mountain hopping flight from Kathmandu, we make our way to the Sherpa capital of Namche Bazaar, providing your first glance of Everest. The initial awe of this sight may cause you to gaze long enough t...
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  • Everest Comfort Trek

    This trek takes you around the Everest region, which has recently witnessed the renaissance of Tibetan Buddhism with the renovation of Thyangboche Monastery at 3870 m - one of the world's highest Buddhist Monasteries. L...
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  • Everest High Passes with Ama Dablam Base Camp

    This is one of the best of the Everest region trek which takes us through some of the most spectacular landscapes in the Nepal Himalaya along with the opportunity for visits to traditional Sherpa villages and gompas (mon...
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  • Everest Mani Rimdu Festival Trek

    Every year during the month of Oct-Nov, in the Khumbu region of Nepal there occur a famous Sherpa festival known as Mani Rimdu. This is basically a Buddhist Dance Drama festival, enacted by the monks of Tengboche (Tengbo...
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  • Everest Nagpa La Trek

    Opened recently for trekking, the Nagpa la (5,710m) in the Everest region is the main trading route between the Sherpa people and the Tibetan. As a legendary trade route that the Sherpa ancestors used several centuries a...
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  • Everest with three high passes

    This is one of the most adventerous treks in the Everest region of Nepal. Set among breath taking mountain scenery, magnigicent landscape, imposing peaks, tapering ridges and collorful Sherpa villages this trip involves ...
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  • Gokyo Ri, Chola Pass and Chukung Ri with Kala Patthar

    Namche to Gokyo Valley, climb Gokyo Ri (5483m), traverse over Cho La Pass (5420m) to main trail to Everest BC, ascend to Kala Pattar (5545m), then traverse over Kongma La Pass (5553m) to Chukung Valley and ascend Chukung...
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  • Gokyo with Everest Base Camp

    With eight of the world’s ten highest peaks, Nepal is loaded with spectacular mountain vistas. Everest trek is justifiably famous not only its proximity to the word’s highest mountain – the Mount Everes...
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  • Hatia and Topegola Trek in the Upper Arun

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  • Jiri - Everest Base Camp Trek

    This is a route taken by Sir Edmund Hillarie and Tenzing in 1953 for the conquest of Mt. Everest. This trail provides a classic trekking experience in the Himalayas offering enchanting sights of Lukla trail in the higher...
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  • Makalu Base Camp with Barun Valley

    Eastern Nepal offers some of the finest trekking with Makalu, the fifth highest 8000 meter mountain on earth, being situated prominently in the region. The region as well as one of the most stunning treks to this area is...
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  • Mera Trekking peak with Baruntse Base camp Trek

    Trek Lukla to Hinku Valley & Mera Peak Base Camp with option to Summit Mera Peak (6476m) and to continue to Baruntse Base Camp, West Col, and over Amphu Lapsa to Chukung ValleyMera Peak rises 12 km to the south of ...
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  • Monastry and Meditation

    Departing from the traditional Base Camp itineraries, the monastery and meditation program takes us to the extraordinary world of the Sherpa people in the Solu Khumbu region of Nepal and provides the rare opportunity for...
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  • Pikey Peak Trekking

    Pikey Hill (4,065 m) is one of the tallest hills of Solu. From Pikey you can see most of the central and eastern Himalayan peaks Sagarmatha (Mt. Everest), Makalu, Kanchenjunga, Annapurna, Gauri Shanker, Lhotse, Numbur, K...
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  • Sholu Khumbu Special

    Starting out at Phaplu, at around 2400 meters, this new trekking holiday gains height gradually, hiking for an average of around 6 hours each day. This is a camping trek, as the lodges in this region are few and far betw...
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  • Solu Khumbu Treks notes

    Solu – Khumbu regions of Nepal is without doubt, the major centre for mountaineering and trekking activities in the world. The region attracts a large number of visitors whose interests vary from a simple stroll al...
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  • Upper Arun River Trek

    Trekking in the Easter region of Nepal comprising Ilam, Taplejung and Sankhwasabha districts offers fascinating exploration opportunities with rich culture experiences. As this part of the country does not fall within th...
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